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Aboriginal art centresAboriginal Art Centres

Gwion


Aboriginal art centres play a vital role in their communities, acting as a focus for creative activity and the marketing of Aboriginal art to the wider world. There are now more than 50 such centres, located mainly in central and northern Australia. Lists of the community centres in the central desert regions are on the Desart and ANKAAA Web sites.

The centres provide a cultural base for artists, a source of income for people who have very little option of employment and with that income the option to buy equipment such as refrigerators, washing machines or perhaps a vehicle. Most operate in remote locations under difficult circumstances.

Most have developed under the guidance of Aboriginal councils and management committees. These committees have employed arts advisors, usually from outside the community, with skills in art production or marketing to run the centres. Many communities continue to support art centres as their primary tool for marketing because they are able to maintain control over where and how their art is marketed.

Development of Art Centres

The first Aboriginal art centre was established at Ernabella, northern South Australia in 1948. It was originally set up to provide employment for Pitjantjatjara and Yankunytjatjara women by applying their wool spinning skills. It has been operating continuously since then. In the 1970s the artists took up batik work on silk for which they have subsequently become famous.

Other community based Aboriginal art centres began to appear in the Northern Territory in the mid-1970s with the support of the Aboriginal Arts Board of the Australia Council. Development of new centres continued in during the 1980s and 1990s. Generally these were funded with help from external sources, and arts advisers had to use a variety of creative approaches to obtain sufficient funding. This battle for financial survival continues today.

Art advisors or coordinators are critical to the effective operation of the centres. The main formal tasks are the preparation, management of art works through exhibition and consignment. In addition, though, there are numerous social and community tasks which the advisors become involved in and which make heavy demands on their time and skills.

The role of the art centre in community life has been described by Patrick Mung Mung, then Chairman of the Artists Council at Warmun, in August 2000:

"For our people and our kids so we carry it on with them. So they can take it on, like us, take it on from the old people, but they still come here…young people so the art centre is good to be a centre. It reminds the kids so they got to learn from this. Then they got strong. Then they know the painting. But the real thing. We should take them to the country. Show them what's left in the country with these old people and what they have taught us."

Since the late 1800s Aboriginal people have been selling their artwork to visitors - initially through missions and to anthropologists and later to tourists. These markets were intrinsically interested in the relationship of the cultural object to the source of production and viewed the artworks in so-called anthropological terms.

The most recent market, the art market, is however more ambivalent about its relationship to the source of the art. It desires verification of the authentic source as well as seeking works which aesthetically are able to blend with the most recent art worlds of North America or Europe.

The Aboriginal art centres play an important role in helping to provide this verification and assurance of authenticity. By publishing catalogues, issuing certificates, and assembling artists' profiles, the centres provide valuable tools for the verification of the work in the marketplace.

References

Altman, J. and Taylor, L., eds.1990 "Marketing Aboriginal Art in the 1990s", Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.

Wright, F.1999. "The Art and Craft Story: The Survey of 39 Aboriginal Community Art Centres in Remote Australia, Making Art Strong......Being Strong ", Volume 1, Canberra: ATSIC


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